Water Conservation

What is meant by water conservation?

For many, it is simply saving water; something as easy to do as buying a water efficient appliance or turning off the tap when brushing your teeth. But water conservation is more complex than that. It also involves changing the way people think about water use. It involves developing a new way of doing business where water conservation is central to planning. It also involves encouraging the development and use of best practices, as well as rewarding innovation.

The Alberta Water Council adopted the following definition for water conservation:

  • Any beneficial reduction in water use, loss or waste.
  • Water management practices that improve the use of water resources to benefit people or the environment.  

What is meant by water “efficiency”?
Conservation is part of the formula for reducing water use. To make conservation realistic, we must learn to use water more efficiently. The Alberta Water Council has defined water efficiency as:


  • Accomplishment of a function, task, process, or result using the least amount of water possible; and,

An indicator of the relationship between the amount of water needed for a particular purpose and the quantity of water used or diverted.

Websites for more information and tips:

Environment Canada:

Nature Canada:



Books in the library:

Blue Gold: the Battle Against Corporate Theft of the World’s Water / by Maude Barlow, Tony Clarke  363.756 B258

Dry Spring: the Coming Water Crisis of North America / Chris Wood 363.756 W874

Eau Canada: the future of Canada’s water / edited by Karen Bakker  363.756 E14


The Green Blue Book: the Simple Water-savings Guide to Everything in Your Life / Thomas M. Kostigen  Received

Household Guide to Water Efficiency 644 H842

Running Out of Water: the Looming Crisis and Solutions to Conserve our Most Precious Resource / Peter Rogers and Susan Leal 363.756 R728